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The List below consists of Questions that EyeSearch Viewers have Asked the Eye Doctor regarding Eye Disorders and Diseases along with the Responses that EyeSearch has provided.

Amblyopia (2)

Blepharitis (2)

Blepharospasm (2)
Eye Twitching (2)

Corneal Ulcer

Crossed Eyes

Diplopia
Double Vision (2)

Floaters (2,3,4,5)

Iritis

Pink Eye

Ocular Migraine

Redness

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Sty

Toxoplasmosis

Central Serous Retinopathy

Pinguecula

Pink Eye
Question from Indiana
Approximately 2 weeks ago my son developed a pink eye condition.   Not responding to medication from his family doctor he was sent to an ophthalmologist 3 days later. The ophthalmologist felt there was a bacterial infection.  He took a culture and prescribed maxitrol.  3 days later the infection was much worse.   The ophthalmologist added ocuflox.  2 days later the condition became worse.   We were asked to come in for a re-evaluation.  At that time the ophthalmologist found a pseudo-membrane, with severe conjunctivitis, and some abrasion of the first layer of the eye.  Since the cultures were all negative, he felt an adendo-virus was at work.  The Maxitrol was discontinued and we were asked to have re-evaluations every 48hrs.  At our last visit,  a second ophthalmologist in the office did an evaluation and stated this looked like an adendo virus 19.  We were told very little can be done other than frequent visits, ocuflox, and allowing the immune system to fight the virus.  We were told that there could be permanent damage.  What can you tell me about this virus?  Does  it seem we are doing all that can be done?   Can you give me some possible referrals for ophthalmologists in Central Indiana for an additional consultation?  Thank you for your help and advice.

Unfortunately the most severe viral infections of the eye are often very difficult to treat. As you have been told, there is no good way to eradicate these viruses immediately and prevent the inflammation they cause. I hope that your son's situation has improved. If you are looking for additional consultation, I would recommend the Corneal Consultants of Indiana. I believe they have offices in your area, although they are basically in Indianapolis. Please contact us if you have further questions.

Ocular Migraine
Question from Australia
I am a 42 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis and regular sinusitis being my only health problems.  For this I have take Voltaren and Plaquenil daily for the past 2 years.  I visit an eye specialist yearly for vision checks which my rheumatologist recommended as being necessary because I take Plaquenil.  About 6 months ago I experienced 'shimmering, moving images around the perimeter of my field of vision.  This lasted about 5 to 10 minutes and did not recur until about a month ago, and now it seems to happen every couple of days.  I am unable to focus properly on anything while it is happening.  There does not seem to be a pattern for when it occurs - I could be reading, watching TV, cooking.  Any help you could give would be appreciated.

The description you give is most likely due to an ocular migraine. It is unlikely that your Plaquenil treatment would create such symptoms. Ocular migraines generally create a shimmering or zig-zag pattern in the peripheral vision that may last five to 30 minutes and then generally resolves completely. It is often accompanied by blurriness in the center of your vision, which may prevent you from reading or doing other visual tasks. However, when the episode resolves vision is entirely back to normal.

Ocular migraines essentially never cause any harm to the eye, but they can be very annoying. When they are only occasional no treatment is necessary. But when they are as frequent as you have described, you may wish to consider medical treatment. There are pills, which can be used on a preventative basis, but this should be done only in consultation with your own physician. I would recommend an evaluation by your rheumatologist and also your eye specialist, to determine whether this is indeed the cause of your symptoms and whether treatment would be appropriate in your case.

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Question about Eye Twitching
I am have been experiencing a twitch on my left eye for over 8 months.  Lately the twitching is getting more pronounce. It moves from the bottom lid to top lid.  People tell me is just nerves!  But it has gone on for so long and lately is getting worse.  I even feel it while I am asleep!  I am not going through any stress.  Please let me know about this constant twitch!

Twitching in your eyelid is very annoying, but virtually never causes any harm to the lid or the eye.  However, if this has persisted for over eight months it should be evaluated carefully by an ophthalmologist.  The twitch results from a muscle spasm and many people may get this symptom periodically for a short period of time. However, if it is as long-standing as you described it may indeed just be nerves, but may require some further treatment.  There are new treatments available for this condition, if it does not resolve on its own.  I would recommend consultation with an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

Eye Twitching
Question from New Hampshire
For about 2 weeks I've experienced intermittent (once a day for a couple of minutes)twitching in my left eye.  When I close that eye, I can feel a slight twitch.  Also when that eye is open I can feel the twitch.  It does not affect my vision, but it is annoying and disconcerting.   Any info would be welcome.  Thank you!

Twitching of the eye almost always occurs in the muscles of the eyelid. Because they press on the eye it may feel as though the eyeball itself is moving. Fortunately this is in no way a serious problem and does not reflect any abnormality in the eye or potential detrimental effect on the vision. In some cases it occurs because of irritation in the eye, which results in twitching of the eyelid. However, if the eye is comfortable it is more likely that it is a simple muscle spasm, which may be related to stress or fatigue or in, many cases happen spontaneously without any known cause. Usually it resolves over a period of several weeks, but if it does not it certainly is worth a comprehensive eye examination to ensure that no other problem is occurring in the eye.

Blepharospasm
Question from Pennsylvania
What is the cause and treatment of a condition called blepharospasm?

Blepharospasm is the term for muscle spasms in the eyelid, a condition that most people think of as an eyelid twitch or tic. It is a common condition and usually is not reflective of any serious underlying problem. It may result from chronic irritation of the eye or impaired focusing, which can cause muscle spasms. It is also possible that stress, fatigue and other factors, unrelated to the eye, can bring on these muscle spasms. Fortunately, they usually disappear spontaneously and in some cases, simple measures like cold compresses or lubricating eyedrops can help.

It is always wise to get a comprehensive eye examination to determine what cause may be present. In severe cases, local injections of a muscle relaxing agent may be helpful, but this generally is only used in cases that persist over a long period of time and do not respond to any other treatment.

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Blepharospasm
Question from California
I have had a right eyelid twitch (tic) for approximately 2 years.   At the time I was wearing monovision contact lens.  I stopped wearing it for 9 months with no improvement.  Prior to onset, I did have flu vaccine, polio vaccine and MMR vaccine inadvertently squirt in my eye at one time or another.  (I am an Immunization Nurse).  My physician had prescribed Valium for one month in hope it would break the tic cycle I am not a good Valium candidate, it made me too sleepy to work productively.  I received an influenza vaccine and for the 2 weeks following (In October) for the first time the tic seemed to dissipate.  However, now it is back with a vengeance and is worse than ever.  (Almost constant.)  Help!  Any suggestions? P.S No pain or discomfort.

A twitching eyelid is termed blepharospasm. Most cases of blepharospasm have no known cause, although it is always wise to check for any source of irritation of the eye or impaired vision, which could result in this chronic muscle spasm. Thus a comprehensive eye exam is always crucial in ruling out any treatable causes in the eye. When no cause is apparent on a complete eye examination it may be that stress, fatigue, or other non-ocular factors are involved. However, in the majority of patients no specific cause is ever found.

Fortunately most people with blepharospasm have short bouts which resolve spontaneously. It appears that your case has been much more severe and longstanding at most. It would be wise to consider consulting a neuro-ophthalmologist. In the most severe and persistent cases, injections of minute doses of botulinum toxin can help to relax the muscle. This can be done safely but is usually done only as a last resort.

Iritis
Question from Illinois
I was diagnosed with Iritis (May "98") in my left eye.   I have had several attacks since then.  It is now December and I now have in my right eye also.  My question is that I am worried that because I have a "lazy right eye" that I should now be more concerned that I have this condition.  I am very worried that I am going to lose my vision.

Iritis can usually be treated without resulting in any permanent harm to the eye or loss of vision.  However, the more frequent the attacks and the more severe the attacks, the greater chance that there could be some long term effect on the eye, if they are not treated promptly and successfully.  The "lazy eye" you have should not have any bearing on your iritis, although it may mean that you will need to be particularly careful if you primarily use one eye to treat your iritis vigilantly.   Your ophthalmologist should be able to give you additional information on the nature of your particular variety of iritis and any measures that might help to prevent long term consequences.

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Floaters
Question from Georgia
I have been seeing black floaters and like cobwebs in my eye I am told that there is no cure for this I have taken  drugs prescribed by a retina specialists that says it is common name inflammation of the eye and after taken medication for a week I became allergic to the sulfur drugs.  Are you aware of any modern day discovery that has been approved of for treatment of this inflammation.  I appreciate your help.

Most floaters are normal in that they do not signify any disease or damage in the eye, though they may be annoying.  However, it sounds as though you have been treated for an eye disease creating your floaters.  If this is a disease causing inflammation in your eye, which was treated with medication by a retinal specialist, it would be very helpful to know which particular disease was being treated.  In some cases these sorts of inflammations can be treated with newer or different drugs to which you may not be allergic.  Please let us know if you have further details about your condition.

Floaters
Question from Minnesota
I have floaters, usually one to three at a time, but at least one every ten seconds if I'm moving my eyes. If I don't move my eyes no floaters appear, but as soon as I shift my eyes a few float by. I've been to an ophthalmologist three times. He didn't find any retinal tears, and the angiogram didn't show any leaking blood vessels. I do have pigment changes in my macula, but he told me that I didn't have macular degeneration. Any ideas, suggestions, or information would be greatly appreciated.

It appears that your eyes have been thoroughly examined to determine whether any abnormal floaters exist. Usually when the tests you have had turn out to be normal, the floaters that you continue to experience would be classified as a normal part of your eye. Unfortunately, there is no known cure or treatment for these floaters, which are denser areas of the vitreous jelly within the eye. Many people find that they notice them less under certain conditions or that they tend to decrease in number with time, but this is not always a predictable pattern. Floaters are frustrating problems shared by millions of people, and it is fortunate that yours do not reflect any damage within your eyes. However, any ability to eliminate them awaits future developments in Ophthalmology.

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Question about Floaters
I am suffering from floaters.  Is there any surgical way to treat it, or do I have to live with it?

At present there is no safe and effective surgical treatment for floaters.  Floaters are extremely common, and floaters that have been present for a long time without any changes are usually not a cause for concern, though they can be very annoying.

However, any new floater or floaters, any change in the number or appearance of floaters, and any visual disturbance like light flashes or shadows that accompanies floaters should be checked by an eye doctor right away.

Question about Floaters
I have seen an object in my left eye for over a month.  A negative image of something that looks spider like.  About the size of a dime.  It is not what I think of as a floater.  I have had those and it is not the same.  The image appears when I open my eye and remains about 3 to 4 seconds.  It is very clear when I look at something white.  Any ideas?

The visual image you describe could be an atypical floater, but its appearance might also indicate a process affecting the retina in that eye.  In order to determine which of these areas are involved, or if any other eye problem could have created this sensation, an eye doctor, should perform a dilated retinal examination as soon as possible.  While your symptoms could resolve spontaneously, it is important to determine whether any treatment is necessary at this point to help this condition.

Question about Floaters
Floaters and flashing lights in one eye, no eye injury, this came on 2 weeks ago the flashers are not as bad as they were and the floaters now look like spider webs.  Is this a permanent thing?  Can stress bring this on?  I am a 59 year old female, good health, wear prescription reading glasses. 

When floaters and flashes of light occur suddenly in one eye, it is wise to have an ophthalmologist check your eye as soon as possible.  Most often these symptoms are caused by shrinkage or condensation of the vitreous, the gelatinous material inside the eye.  This usually requires no treatment, but in a small fraction of cases, these symptoms can indicate a problem in the retina which may require treatment to prevent it from worsening or causing more serious problems.  Usually this condition occurs spontaneously and is unrelated to any activities the individual may or may not have done.  However, specific information about a particular case can be given after an eye doctor has examined the eye.

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Amblyopia
Question from Alabama
I AM A 34 YR. OLD MALE.WHEN I WAS 4 YRS. OLD I HAD SURGERY TO CORRECT MY BEING CROSSED EYED. THE SURGERY WAS A SUCCESS. I WENT TO A SPECIALIST THIS YEAR TO SEE IF THERE WAS ANYTHING THAT COULD BE DONE TO IMPROVE MY VISION IN MY LEFT EYE (IT IS 20/70). THE DOCTOR TOLD ME THAT DUE TO BEING CROSSED EYED AS A SMALL CHILD THAT MY BRAIN HAD STARTED IGNORING MY LEFT EYE. I WOULD LIKE TO KNOW IF THERE IS ANYTHING NEW THAT I COULD TRY OR HAVE TESTED.  THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME

The condition you describe is called amblyopia. This means that the eye, though structurally normal, cannot see as well as your other eye. This is due to lack of symmetrical input from the eye to the brain in childhood. During the time that the eye was not aligned with your other eye, the brain was concentrating on the image from your "good" eye.

Unfortunately, when these nerve connections did not develop in childhood, there is no known way to improve the quality of eyesight in an eye with amblyopia. Even the many new developments in eye research have not changed this situation. Your eye will never suffer any decrease in vision, but there is no treatment that will improve its vision to the level of your other eye.

Question about Amblyopia
Doctor- I am a 24 year old male and for as long as I can remember, I have had a "bad eye."  The eye doctors would have me were glasses, but they didn't seem to help much.  As I grew up I had one doctor tell me that I had had I "sleepy eye" and that because it wasn't caught quickly enough, that the nerves that relay the visual information to the brain had been damaged.  He also said that if I would have worn a patch or something over my dominant eye, that the other eye would have been forced to correct it's self, but now it was too late for that.  My question is in two parts.  One, is this information I have been given consistent with what you know to be true as an eye doctor?   And two, Is there any treatment or exercises I might do to improve the week eye?   Right now my eye is 20/40 and glasses do not make the images any clearer.   Only squinting, blinking, or moving my head slightly seem to help with the vision in the eye.  If you have ANY information that might relate to my questions and concerns, please let me know.
Thank-you again

The condition you describe is called amblyopia, an inability of the eye to see clearly despite a normal structure. It is true that if any condition impairs the eye's ability to send nerve impulses to the brain in childhood, the quality of vision in that eye in adulthood will not be perfect. Unfortunately, it appears that if treatment is not undertaken by approximately age 8 or 9, no further treatment will change the condition in adulthood. The positive side of this situation is that the eye can never further deteriorate in adulthood either.

If the best glasses prescription available does not seem to help, it is unlikely that there is any other treatment that will bring noticeable improvement. However, there are some optometrists who specialize in visual exercises that may, in some cases, help eyes to work together better. This is one option to consider, although the results are variable and many patients may not notice any improvement.

If you have further question, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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Blepharitis
Question from the United Kingdom

Can you give me any help on treating blepharitis?  I have been diagnosed with it at a UK hospital and have been scrubbing my eyelids daily, but not much seems to be happening.  One eye is quite sore and the eyeball feels swollen.   My vision has also decreased in this eye.

Blepharitis can be very difficult to eradicate and different people respond differently to certain kinds of treatment. Some other measures that can be helpful include hot compresses on the eye in an effort to decrease the clogging of the oil glands, antibiotic drops or ointment if there is evidence of excess microbial growth or infection, anti-inflammatory drops for flare-ups, and sometimes oral medications such as Tetracycline and others, which can help to decrease the inflammatory process. If your treatment, thus far, has not been successful, it would be wise to have your eye doctor re-evaluate the situation and consider whether other options would be appropriate.

Question about Blepharitis
I have severe blepharitis. Please tell me about this disease and treatment.


Blepharitis is the term applied to inflammation of the eyelid. This problem varies greatly among affected individuals, and there are a multitude of possible treatments, no one of which is effective for everyone. Blepharitis may affect the eyelid skin, the eyelashes, the oil glands or some combination of the three.

Frequently treatment proceeds in a step-by-step fashion, based on the individual's response. Hot packs on the eyelid and scrubbing the lid with a mild cleaner like baby shampoo may help to unclog oil glands. Artificial tears and antibiotic ointment or drops may provide additional lubrication and help to control any bacterial component of the inflammation.  Anti-inflammatory drops or ointment may decrease the eyelid swelling and eye irritation associated with blepharitis on a short term basis.  Occasionally, oral medications like tetracycline may improve the symptoms of blepharitis, and in certain cases, manual opening of the oil glands by the physician may be required.

Because blepharitis is usually a chronic and recurrent condition, improvement may be followed by flare-ups which require additional, and sometimes different, treatment.   As a result it is particularly important to have ongoing evaluation and treatment by a qualified physician.

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Toxoplasmosis
Question from New Brunswick, Canada

Need information on 'toxioplasmosis' and/or cytomegalo virus.  My husband has been diagnosed with these disease.  Flares up every 2 to 3 years.  What causes it, can it spread to the other eye?  The ophthalmologist who specializes in this disease has moved 5000 miles away and there is no other doctor in our area who knows much about this disease.  He is now taking steroids for the third time.  He can only see the large "E" on the eye charts.  He is unable to work.  Any information you can give to us will be very much appreciated. 

Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease, which can affect the eye as well as other parts of the body. When it occurs in the eye, it usually causes inflammation in the retina, which can create floaters, blurred vision and eventual scarring of the retina. Frequently the flare-ups will resolve by themselves, although in some cases, medication is necessary to help suppress the inflammation. Unfortunately, patients with toxoplasmosis frequently have reactivation of the disease with future episodes that resemble the previous ones. Most ophthalmologists believe that toxioplasmosis in the eye is most often acquired before the child is born but can remain dormant for long periods of time before it flares up. Once retinal damage has been done it is not possible to repair that area of the retina, but further treatment can prevent some of the scarring that would occur in subsequent flare-ups.

Cytomegalovirus is a different disease, which can affect the retina and cause severe retinal damage. It is less likely to behave in the manner you have described, with repeated flare-ups, except in patients with impaired immunity.

If you have any further questions, please feel free to contact us.

Corneal Ulcer
Question from India
What does ulcer in the mean?  How dangerous is it?  What should one do?

An ulcer is usually an area of inflammation, which reaches beneath the surface of a particular part of the body. In the eye an ulcer is most often seen in the cornea. Corneal ulcers can be very dangerous, depending on their cause. If a corneal ulcer is infected, it can produce scarring and damage to the eye leading to permanent loss of vision. Other ulcers may be less serious, but an ulcer should always be evaluated immediately by an eye doctor.

Diplopia
Question from Virginia

What causes doubled eye vision?

Double vision, diplopia, is usually caused by an eye that is not in alignment with the other eye. There are many causes of loss of alignment and they may include injuries, neurologic problems or abnormal blood flow.

Most cases of double vision occur when both eyes are open but disappear when one eye is covered. There are also other types of problems, which may occur with one eye alone that may resemble double vision including most images and poor focusing.

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Double Vision
Question from Selangor,Malaysia

My sister having a slight fever,cough & flu for a week.  She visited  doctors and the doctor gave her some strong cough medicine , she went to take spicy foods.   The day after on 8/11/98 my sister's  eye vision seem to have a up and down shadow when seeing with both eyes but not with only single eye.  We went to see two specialists but they only do some eyes test and giving her Vitamin B for a week time and another doctor told us sometime this might be happen and without given any medicine, this make me curious. The first doctor ask us to go back two days after the treatment to see the effect if the same thing happen again may take X-RAY or injection and blood-test.  We don't know what to do. It's costly also. My sister's feel her both legs "ANTs" may be the blood circulation blocking causing the eye's problem.   Kindly answer my mail Thank You.

What you are describing sounds like it may be a variety of double vision because it occurs with both eyes but not with one eye alone. The new onset of double vision should always be investigated by an eye doctor and often by a neurologist and the patient's own physician. There are many causes of double vision including injuries, neurologic diseases and problems with the blood circulation. If your sister has blood vessel problems that may well be part of what is causing her eye difficulty. However, only a detailed eye examination in person would help to determine the source. If no definite answer has been received, further investigation by additional physicians would certainly be indicated.

Double Vision
Question from Arkansas
My 10 year old son has been complaining of double vision for about 8 weeks. I took him to an eye doctor and they were puzzled about the results. They concluded that his eye muscles were working "backwards".  His eyes move outward to focus on objects close to him and inward for objects in the distance.  They prescribed reading glasses to help with the strain on his eyes. I am concerned that there may be another explanation for his double vision.  Why did this occur all of a sudden and not over a long period of time? And will he "outgrow" this?  Any information would be helpful.

Any sudden development of double vision in a child your son's age should be evaluated immediately both by an ophthalmologist and a physician well versed in neurological disorders such as a neurologist. While eye muscle strain or changes in the behavior of the eye muscles can cause this condition, it is also possible that another disease such as a neurologic problem may be involved. It would be wise to consider an evaluation by his own general physician or perhaps a neurology specialist as soon as possible, particularly if this condition has not completely resolved with the use of reading glasses or spontaneously. Please contact us if you have any further questions.

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Crossed Eyes
Question from Vermont
My 2 yr. old daughter is going in to have her crossed eyes corrected.  All I know is that they are going in through the whites, what do they do after they get to the eye muscles?  And How?

Surgery for crossed eyes almost always involves some combination of loosening and tightening the eye muscles in order to change their position. In order to get to the location of the eye muscles, the membrane covering the white of the eye must be opened and partially peeled back. The eye muscle itself is either detached from the eye and moved to a new location so it will be pulling in a different place or shortened so that it is tightened at its current location and is pulled relatively harder. This can be thought of as somewhat analogous to adjusting the reins on a horse so that one side is looser and the other side is tighter. Fortunately, re-adjustments of the eye muscles in this fashion tend to be very successful at moving the eye to a new position, although sometimes further surgery is necessary to fine-tune its position or if the eye subsequently changes position after the initial surgery. After the surgery the membrane is replaced and generally healing proceeds very successfully. Please feel free to contact us if you have any further questions.

Questions about Retinitis Pigmentosa
What is Retinitis Pigmentosa?  Does everyone who has Retinitis Pigmentosa go blind?

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a degeneration of the light receptor cells in the retina which causes impaired night vision, peripheral vision, and sometimes blindness.   Excellent and detailed information can be found through the Retinitis Pigmentosa Foundation Fighting Blindness.  Their web address is www.blindness.org, go to "what we study" on the navigational bar and you will find Retinitis Pigmentosa. They will also send you information by mail.  Some forms of retinitis pigmentosa may start later in life or progress more slowly, so that complete blindness does not occur.

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Sty
Question from Washington
My daughter (age 10) appears to have a small "sty" in her eye.  She was complaining of pain in her eye last night before bed, and when she woke up this morning, the eye was slightly swollen and red on the outer portion of the lower right lid.  What should I do for her?  I know these are quite uncomfortable; is there anything I can do "over the counter" or without using drugs to help her?  My first thought was warm compresses, but it was time to go to school and she went today.  What should I do?  Thanks. -- "Concerned Mom in Washington"

A sty can often be treated with hot compresses of the eyelid. The heat helps to drain the clogged oil gland, which creates a sty. This can be done for five to ten minutes, two to four times a day. When hot compresses on the eyelid are ineffective, usually medical treatment such as eyedrops or ointment is necessary and at that point it is wise to have a doctor look at the sty. Fortunately it is extremely rare for a sty to progressively worsen, even though it can be uncomfortable. However, if it does appear to enlarge or the swelling or redness spreads it should be evaluated by a doctor immediately.

Redness
I wear contact lenses and I have caught some kind of infection that just makes my eyes red especially in the morning. So I am unable to wear my lenses because they get redder if I do. My son had pink eye a few weeks ago and took Cortisporin. My symptoms are just redness and some burning & itchiness but I took the same medicine as him. It seemed to get rid of the red but each time I took it it burned my eyes and made them red for an hour or so. Was I allergic? My eye doctor put me on Eflone for 12 days and said if that doesn't work, there is nothing he can do. Do I have to live with this and not be able to wear my contacts?

If you develop redness in your eyes, particularly in the morning, but do not have itching or watering, your symptoms are not those of a typical allergy. Redness that occurs primarily in the morning can be due to inflammation of the eyelids, a condition called, Blepharitis. There is also a type of inflammation that some contact lens wearers get if their contact lenses are old or do not fit well. This also could be a possible source of your symptoms. It is unlikely that an active infection would create redness without other symptoms as well. If your current treatment is not successful you may wish to have your eye doctor investigate other possible causes or even consider rechecking or changing your contact lenses. It is usually not necessary to discontinue contact lens wear as a result of the type of symptoms you described.

Central Serous Retinopathy
Question from New York

I was diagnosed with Central Serous Retinopathy, also known as Central Serous Choroidopathy. I would like to know if there has been any information published or research done which explains the cause of this condition. I would also like to know if there is anything that can be done to eliminate the condition or prevent it from happening again. I'm 36. I was diagnosed 2 years ago. The first leakage, in my left eye, healed within 6 months but left scars, on the retina, which causes straight lines to look crooked. I just had another test done which shows leakage on the opposite side of the same eye, just left of the macula.

Central serous retinopathy is a relatively uncommon condition that generally affects young healthy people but at present has no known cause. Researchers have studied this but as yet, there is no conclusive information on why certain people develop this condition and why flare-ups occur at a particular time in one eye or the other, although there has been much theorizing in that regard. As you may have heard in certain situations, laser treatment can be beneficial when leakage occurs although it is not always advisable and in some cases it may not, eliminate visual symptoms all together or may even be unsuccessful at improving the visual distortion experienced. Active research in this area, as well as other disorders of retinal leakage is occurring and it may be that new treatments or information will be available in the future.

Pinguecula
Question from Ohio

I'm a 34 yr old white female. For years now I've had what looks like ridges in my eye whites on both sides of my pupils in both eyes.  I've noticed the last year or less, it's getting difficult for me to focus on things at a distance and while driving at night.  What would these ridges be and should I be worried about them and do they have anything to do with my slight loss of vision?

What you describe is most likely the thickening of the white of the eye called a pinguecula. This tends to occur in the area between the eyelids on both sides of the iris. Usually it is caused by mild irritation of the eye, such as dryness, dust, wind and the like. However, some people develop these areas without any known irritation.

Fortunately these never cause damage to the eye or vision problems. If you are noticing some increased blurriness, it is most likely to be from another source and should be evaluated by an eye doctor. Please contact us if you have any further questions.

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